And leaving the multitude, they took Him along with them, just as He was, in the boat; and other boats were with Him. Its truth had no other criterion than its resonance, beyond projection, with the deepest inner core of each person. , After all, Jesus was a carpenter. He did not consider that he had a specific mission to non-Jews. Gospel. One tendency leans more in the direction of some sort of “operational divinisation” of Jesus’ humanity, such that he could perform actions beyond the possibility of other humans (as, for example, rebuking the wind and stilling the sea). The other theme would be the intriguing question about the identity of Jesus: Who then is this? Now we’re in a place where we can see what Jesus’ disciples are made of. COMMENTARY ON THE LESSONSLesson 1: 1 Samuel 17:(1a, 4-11, 19-23) 32-49 (C) Proper 7; Pentecost 6-- Mark 4:35-41-- Richard A. Jensen-- 1996. Jesus Stills the Storm (Mark 4:35-41) 23 analysis is an expression of the text. Whatever option readers may take about the historicity of the incident, its symbolism was what particularly interested Mark, and was the reason why he selected it, told it the way he did, and inserted it at this point in his narrative. Second, if you act like Jesus and simply command the chaos to "be still," then you will at least achieve some inner sense of peace and thus be less troubled by what is occurring. He had previously lamented the lack of faith of people, who look, but not perceive, who listen, but not understand, and indeed seemed to have exempted the disciples from the charge, explaining everything in private to them. Once the discourse on the parables was finished (Mk 4: 1-34), Jesus said, “Let us cross over to the other side!” They take Him on the boat just as He is in the boat in which He had made the discourse on the parables. A more plausible explanation is that the author of Mark has Jesus sleeping out of literary necessity: Jesus' calming the storm is designed to evoke the story of Jonah. (Mark 4:35-36 RSV) It is clear that this comes when our Lord was at the point of utter physical exhaustion. A faith, not simply that Jesus was in control despite his apparent absence, but a faith that his message was essentially one of inclusion, the promise of a Kingdom where, despite all indications to the contrary (the mustard plant was really not all that impressive! He apparently saw a response of panic as a lack of faith. And other boats were with him. Mark obviously wished that the point not be lost on his own community. Or if they had, do they simply not believe him? 1 The *parable of the four soils 4:1-9. They had overcome many storms before. That day, as it was getting later, [Jesus] said. He was in the stern asleep on the cushion. In the Christian communities the opening to Gentiles caused many a storm, and led some Jewish Christians to fear that they would be swamped and consequently perish. ), all the birds of the air can find shelter in its shade; where, despite the apparent inadequacy of resources, the harvest is capable of the thirty, sixty, hundredfold. The chapter is concluded by the narrative of his calming the great storm (Mark 4:35-41). ). Ed. David is introduced to the reader in Ruth 4:17. The locale would change, as would the mood. First Reading. They believed in experience, strength, and skills. The locale would change, as would the mood. Commentary on Job 38:1-11. This would take him into territory controlled by Gentiles, pointing to the eventual expansion of Jesus' message and community beyond Jews and to the Gentile world. 36 And when they had sent away the … The issue was significant for many Christian communities that came into existence after Jesus’ death. Actually, this short transition is vastly important for setting the stage for this familiar story of the stilling of the storm. Other boats were with him. This is a sermon I recently preached on Mark 4:35-41, the account of Jesus’s calming of the storm on the Sea of Galilee. Acceptance would call for nothing less than death to the ego-oriented and originated self. First, if we have faith, then no harm is to come to us. Mark 4:35-41: Faith Over Fear. Mark 4:35. ἐν ἐκείνῃ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ, on that day) See App. He may also have wished to indicate that the unfolding story would chart the definition of the new community of disciples soon to exercise the mind of Jesus. This identity would always therefore be fragile and vulnerable, since faith was not a once and for all enlightenment but a gradual growth in insight and commitment. The first miracle of this type appears in Matthew 8:23-27; Mark 4:35-41; and Luke 8:22-25. And what did many of them do for a living? He was indeed making a new statement about Jesus. Alternate First Reading. Jesus teaches by means of *parables 4:1-34. The "sea" being crossed by Jesus and his followers is the Sea of Galilee, so the area they are moving on to would be the present-day Jordan. Others tend to lean in the direction of an “operational emptying” of Jesus’ divinity, as Paul’s letter to the Philippians would have it: In this latter case, Mark’s description could be read as a further instance of apocalyptic symbolism expressing Mark’s own faith in the deeper mystery of Jesus. Why did they even wake him if they didn't think he might be able to do something? The question would arise and be answered from a variety of sources. Chapter 4 opens with a series of parables (the sower, the lamp and the bushel basket, the growing seed, and the mustard seed). Mark 4:35-41 The New Community (1) Defining the Features. Commentary on Mark 4:35-41. The first miracle of this type appears in Matthew 8:23-27; Mark 4:35-41; and Luke 8:22-25.For Jesus, this is a day of both significant teaching, including the seven parables of Matthew 13, and considerable testing. It would be the product of a never-ending conversion. The advent of the Kingdom, as well as something of its nature and its potential, had been introduced and briefly pondered. 35 That day when evening came, he said to his disciples, “Let us go over to the other side.” 36 Leaving the crowd behind, they took him along, just as he was, in the boat. What does he know about storms and waters? If so, he succeeded because they appear to be just as afraid of him now as they were moments ago of the storm. Text: Mark 4:35-41. Did it really happen? It had been a heavy day with much work. To the Jew generally, the water was a symbol that touched powerfully into their sense of the unfamiliar and the fearful. Chapter 4 In this chapter, we have, I. Jesus had been addressing the crowds from a boat moored at the edge of the lake. No doubt, He was completely exhausted, as any preacher could testify. When he had been labouring in the word and doctrineall day, instead of reposing himself, he exposeth himself, to teach us not to think of a constant remaining rest till we come to heaven. HENRY ALFORD The Greek New Testament Commentary on the Gospel of Mark. on this passage. If that is the case, then they failed, because they were so scared that they woke Jesus up to find out whether he cared if they all drowned. As will become more obvious as the story unfolds, the basis of the community’s identity would not lie in ethnic identity, religious background or simple friendship or congeniality. It's strange, though, that they don't understand who he is. Whatever the case, this appears to be another example of the apostles being portrayed as dolts. They did not know that events beyond their own control had their own natural causes. Jesus Walks on Water: Faith During a Storm (Mark 6:45-52), Jesus Walks on Water Bible Story Study Guide, Jesus Punishes the Swine With Demons (Mark 5:10-20), The Syro-Phoenician Woman's Faith in Jesus (Mark 7:24-30), The Woman Who Touched Jesus' Garment (Mark 5:21-34), Jesus Heals Jairus' Daughter (Mark 5:35-43), Saint Patrick's Friendship with His Guardian Angel, Victor, Jesus Heals a Blind Man in Bethsaida (Mark 8:22-26), Relive the Resurrection Story of Jesus Christ. A great windstorm arose, and the waves beat into the boat, so that the boat was already being swamped. Two miracles of Jesus Christ recorded in Scripture tell of Him calming storms on the Sea of Galilee. These two issues of faith and the identity of Jesus were not peripheral to the definition of the community of disciples. Were non-Jews fit to become members, and, if so, under what conditions? The calming of a raging storm fits with other stories where Jesus' power is manifested against awesome, even mythic forces: raging seas, hordes of demons, and death itself. Mark 4:35-36 (NASB) And on that day, when evening had come, He said to them, "Let us go over to the other side." Resume Prayer. It is not coincidental that the following stories of Jesus involve further instances of combating forces more powerful than what has been seen thus far. In Mark’s mind it became important to review next the consequences for the community of disciples. Why were you so frightened? EXEGESIS: MARK 8:22 – 10:45. Commentary on Job 38:1-11. To the Jew, pagan meant more than simply non-Jewish. It would be based purely on the common acceptance in faith of the driving dream and mission of Jesus. At the same time, Mark would develop two further themes, as the narrative would immediately indicate: One theme would be the disciples’ continuing struggle to faith, their inner journey from initial fascination and response to deeper insight and commitment. The little phrase, ‘Let us go over to the other side’ has strategic importance for Mark, and for my training as a disciple. June 21, 2009. What is the worst storm you've ever been through? In its turn, faith in the Jesus who proclaimed the Kingdom would be determined by people’s sense of the authenticity of Jesus himself. Confining the sea itself is depicted in Genesis as an aspect of divine power and privilege. EXEGESIS: MARK 4-8. On that journey through unfamiliar regions of the Sinai Peninsula, Moses had formed the unorganised rabble into a unified people, the People of God. During the trip across the Sea of Galilee, a large storm comes up - so large that the boat threatens to sink after so much water has entered it. Gospel. I am delighted to accept Jesus’ invitation to board the boat, and all goes well for a while. As mentioned in relation to Jesus’ acts of healing, wonders were accepted as part of life by people of the time. Jesus had spent the entire day teaching by the use of parables. How did the disciples react to this storm? Some thoughts on today's scripture. Mark 4:35-41. God made the escape possible by means of a strong wind that blew all night and dried the seabed, so enabling the Hebrew people to cross dry-shod and safe. The Jews were familiar with the story of Moses who led the Hebrew people from their captivity in Egypt to freedom in the Promised Land. They each heard Jesus say, “Let us go over to the other side of the lake” (Mark 4:35). Active. Mark would begin a new section of his narrative where Jesus would be continually moving around, across the sea, on the sea, in pagan territory, in Jewish territory. Commentary on 1 Samuel 17:[1a, 4-11, 19-23] 32-49 . Copyright © 2016 John McKinnon - Site by Patrick Lim. It is possible to raise in regard to this incident the same queries made about Jesus’ vision at the Jordan and about his healings and exorcisms. In the midst of the Christian storm, Jesus seemed to be absent, asleep, certainly giving no clear direction. Since its inception, people have cherished David … You remember that in this section of Mark we are dealing with a theme which Mark emphasizes in several incidents -- the effects of popularity upon the ministry of Jesus. Two miracles of Jesus Christ recorded in Scripture tell of Him calming storms on the Sea of Galilee. Jesus’ role as teacher is important in this Gospel. It is a short sermon, only about 12 minutes in length. When a violent storm threatens to destroy the boat and its inhabitants, Jesus somehow manages to remain “asleep on the cushion.” Mark 4:35-41 35 On that day, when evening had come, he said to them, “Let us go across to the other side.” 36 And leaving the crowd, they took him with them in the boat, just as he was. James Rosscup writes that "This was the great work in the life of the versatile Dean of Canterbury. Mark 4:35, ESV: "On that day, when evening had come, he said to them, “Let us go across to the other side.”" Mark 4:35, KJV: "And the same day, when the even was come, he saith unto them, Let us pass over unto the other side." Crit. iii. 37 And a great windstorm arose, and the waves were breaking into the boat, so that the boat was already filling. Mark 4 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries; Parallel Passages. B. THE CONTEXT. The crossing to the other side was dangerous – a very strong wind squall on an inhospitable sea. June 21, 2009. In the non-Jewish world many people had “mythical” explanations for simple things like the rising and setting of the sun, moon and stars, or accepted them without question. New situations would present constant challenge to the Church across the centuries, provoking particularly in those in positions of leadership consternation and paralysis instead of openness to possibilities trusting in the guiding protection of the Spirit. A. This other shore was unknown territory, pagan territory. Mt 13:1-2+ “That day Jesus went out of the house and was sitting by the sea. In this incident, the disciples and Jesus moved away from the shoreline, and put out over the water. In the introduction to his work he had claimed that Jesus was both Christ and Son of God (1:1) At the beginning of the story he had presented the vision of the heavens torn apart, the Spirit of God descending, and the (unidentified) voice from heaven proclaiming to Jesus that he was God’s son, the beloved (1:9). Austin Cline, a former regional director for the Council for Secular Humanism, writes and lectures extensively about atheism and agnosticism. "Calming the Storm," Frederick Buechner, Peculiar Treasures. And again he began to teach by the sea side and there is gathered unto him a very great multitude, so that he entered into a boat, and sat in the sea; and all the multitude were by the sea on the land. Jesus did not say, “Let’s do the best we can and maybe we’ll all drown.” He promised a safe arrival, and the disciples could have chosen to trust in that promise, but they didn’t. In this sense they had no faith. Commentary, Mark 4:35-41, Meda Stamper, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2012. Depending on their culture they posited numerous external personal forces - angels, gods or demons - as the arbitrary causes of much of what went on in their world. 2 Jesus explains … Yet Mark would be insistent that Jesus did on occasion enter their territory and did engage with them. Mark 4:35. The outcome of that conversion would be the intuition that the “face” of Jesus was nothing less than the most perfect human expression of the “face” of God. The disciples are traveling with Jesus on his way to Jerusalem. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Mark 10:35-45 . Faith in self is faith misplaced. How is it you have no faith? Mark 4:35-41 Commentary by James Boyce “On that day.” The phrase is so brief the reader could almost ignore it. Accepting such an explanation, though, requires accepting the idea that this story is a literary creation by the author and not an accurate historical narrative. An outcome of this production was the New Testament for English Readers (4 vols. The advent of the Kingdom, as well as something of its nature and its potential, had been introduced and briefly pondered. • Mark 4:35-36: The starting point: “Let us cross over to the other side”. During the journey, Jesus’ disciples seemed unable to see anything clearly. Mark 4:35. So how strong can we surmise this storm was? Jesus proceeds to end the storm and restore the sea to calm - but why? Commentary on 1 Samuel 17:[1a, 4-11, 19-23] 32-49 . Commentary on Mark 4:35-41 (Read Mark 4:35-41) Christ was asleep in the storm, to try the faith of his disciples, and to stir them up to pray. In the overall structure of Mark's Gospel we now move into material that follows the Parable of the . Their faith appeared weak, and their prayers strong. Jesus and the disciples crossed to the other shore. Returning once again to traditional commentaries on this passage, many say this story is supposed to teach us not to be fearful of the chaos and violence around us in our lives. 2 And large crowds gathered to Him, so He got into a boat and sat down, and the whole crowd was standing on the beach. Personal ownership of the dreams and values espoused by Jesus would be the fruit of inner growth and discovery. But Jesus was asleep (on a cushion no less, Mark notes, adding to the contrast between Jesus’ tranquility and the disciples’ panic), apparently oblivious to their pending doom. For the Jew the same phenomena were the result of either the direct action of God or of angelic powers, who also were the sources of the winds, etc.. It carried feelings associated not just with otherness but with uncleanness and an instinctive abhorrence of idolatry. Default. “Teacher, does it not concern you that we are sinking?”, and said to the sea, “Be calmed! Was his purpose simply to create a display of naked power in order to impress his apostles? As Mark tells the story, the disciples were terrified that the boat was going to break up and everyone would die. At the beginning of the journey, Jesus healed a blind man whose “sight was restored, and (he) saw everyone clearly” (8:22-26). It was the same daythat he had preached out of a ship, when the even was come, Mark 4:35. Alternate First Reading. 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