Pea size is smaller than more improved varieties. **Cowpeas, Southern Peas, are the most productive and heat tolerant legumes around. “Southerners in the nineteenth century used the black-eyed pea as cattle fodder,” he says. Its long taproot and wide, Dark-purple pods, 7-8 inches long, kidney-shaped peas with maroon eyes. All of our seeds are open-pollinated, non-hybrid, not chemically treated, many are rare, family heirlooms or endangered, and we will never knowingly offer genetically engineered, aka GMO, varieties. (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){ Across Africa, farmers grow about 26 million acres of Southern pea varieties. SOUTHERN PEA (COWPEA) By Frank J. Dainello and Marty Baker Extension Horticulturists. Plant care and collection of Southern Peas at Garden.org, with informative growing guides and 137 images of 165 varieties listed. Each ounce is about enough seed to plant a ten foot row. There may be a shortage of some varieties in 2021, as many seed growers were affected by COVID-19 and were not able to plant crops this year, so order your seeds today before inventory is depleted, and the item is not available. m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m) “It’s not as complicated in flavor as some of the other peas, but it mixes well with other things. OPEN POLLINATED HEIRLOOM. Therefore in most areas, Southern Peas really should be planted in May or June.Plant four to six seeds per foot, 3/4 to 1-1/4 inches deep in rows twenty to thirty-six inches apart. They reach maturity between 65 – 125 days, depending on the variety of pea. Examples: 'Lady', 'Sadandy', 'Cream 8', 'Texas Cream 40', 'White Acre' and 'Zipper Cream'. Landscape Gardening Plant Markers and Labels. Kevin Mitchell of Charleston, South Carolina, loves the black-eyed pea. COVID-19 Status: We are currently still shipping orders daily. Our seed house crew is working hard and currently getting your orders filled and mailed out within 4 to 6 business days, but this can quickly change! The plants are upright and compact. Petite Rouge: This hardy pea is particularly water-tolerant, a trait that came in handy during the floods that soaked the coast a month ago. ga('send', 'pageview'); Gardeners classify peas several different ways: seed color, pea size and shape, and pod color. Southern Peas can be planted from May to August, as soon as the soil has warmed to about 65ºF. All rights reserved. “You can sauce it.”, Grab an oyster knife and get ready to shuck—enjoying the wintertime tradition is easier than it looks, In Charleston, the food personality’s culinary treasures helped one writer make a new home. Rare, Heirloom Cowpeas/Crowder/ Southern Pea Varieties That We Grow and Maintain We specialize in open-pollinated and heirloom vegetable seed varieties that are rare and not readily commercially available. These include: Black-eyed peas - The peas are white or light with dark, black hilums (eyes). Pods are reddish-purple with large brown peas that are very easy to shell. Great for stopping soil erosion and weed suppression. Southern Love: 3 Different Peas, 1 Perfect Recipe. Field peas (also called cowpeas) are planted primarily for animal feed and for loosening and improving the soil. Field. Southern pea is a collective term; there are many different types. Very tasty, very small, and cream colored with a darker eye. These are typically brown, tan, or pink. Confusing as it may sound, the vegetable most southerners call peas is, botanically speaking, neither a pea nor a bean. They should be picked daily as they ripen; otherwise, the pods will become tough and the peas will be starchy. There are four types of peas: Field Pea: Robust, viny type usually with smaller seeds that produce a dark liquid when cooked. Vining Peas: Green Arrow, little Marvel Improved, Sugar Snap, and Wando. Black-eyeds, crowders and creams are the best-known southern "peas." These were the winners, voted best in five established categories of flavor and texture. Their pods turn dark purple at maturity, and they have the shelled pea flavor and texture preferred by many. (Click Here for updates and more information. That is, we receive commissions for purchases made through various links on this website. Peas that are small, white with brown eyes. Very prolific. Some of our favorite Southern staples include three delicious varieties of peas that are treasured among those who know them, love them, and probably grew up eating them. A few months ago my kids and I picked a bunch of dry peas at a friend’s farm. Field peas, also referred to as southern peas or cowpeas, are … There are several types, groups or categories of Southern Peas. Skip to primary navigation Black-eyed Peas Toby Hudson CC BY-SA 3.0 Call it what you want- cowpea, field pea, or southern pea, these varieties of Vigna unguiculata are all hard-working plants that pull double duty as a cover crop and summer vegetable. Join our gardening family to receive the latest tips. Please click Accept Cookies to continue to use the site. Thank you for your understanding and patience during these trying times. “It’s the chalkiest pea, and it has the dullest, most unengaging flavor of any pea out there. Petite Rouge: This hardy pea is particularly water-tolerant, a trait that came in handy during the floods that soaked the coast a month ago. Plant the seeds early and consider sowing again for a fall crop. Peas like it cool. Examples: 'California Blackeye #5' and 'California Blackeye #46'. Generally used at the fresh shelling stage. How to Grow: Sow seed 1 in. Very productive, early maturing, disease resistant, bush to semi-vining plants with purple pods that are 6 to 7 inches long. You don't have any products in your shopping cart. African countries, several varieties of Cowpea has been grown together for both food and feed (Cook et al., 2005). With the uncertainties that lie ahead, printing a catalog just is not practical at this time. Popular varieties include 'Cascadia', 'Sugar Bon', and 'Super Sugar Snap'. *According to one group of tasters in South Carolina. When COVID-19 hit the world early in the Spring of 2020, the sales volume that we experienced, although greatly appreciated, did put unexpected drains on our inventory. AKA 'Cream 76', it is excellent for freezing and canning. Plants are erect with peas that are brown and are easy to shell. George Washington Carver studied cowpeas as well as peanuts, and this tasting was a continuation of his research, inspiring talk about pickling immature pods and crafting bean-based desserts. Over the years, true varietal identity gets lost. In SC the Extension recommends planting Southern peas from late March to mid … Prolific, pods are upright on erect, bush-like, dwarf, plants. Lady: If you like mashed potatoes, you’ll probably like this soft, inoffensive cream pea. “If you like orzo, you’ll love it,” Shields says. There are many varieties of southern peas that have resistance to these diseases. Southern peas were brought to the Americas from Africa and are well adapted to low fertility soils and production during hot summer months. All of the summer pea varieties recommended are bush type peas. Didn’t think people could get so worked up about peas? © 2007-2021 Garden & Gun Magazine LLC. Very easy to pick. Most varieties are ready to harvest at the green pea stage in about sixty days and at the dry stage in seventy five to one hundred days. Not only did this soft, sweet legume win its category, but it also took the overall prize. For over twenty-two years, people from all over the world have sent us their interesting and prized family seed varieties. The large, flat, wrinkled seeds are cream colored with a buff-brown or maroon eye. They were the center of attention this past weekend for dozens of chefs, academics, and growers from all over the country, who sampled some twenty different types of cowpea at a gathering meant to shine a light on the often overlooked staple crop. ga('create', 'UA-45404460-1', 'victoryseeds.com'); Southern Pea (Cowpea) 75 days — Also known as 'Cream 76', the plants of 'Champion' are upright developing pods that are high on the plants, and that mature uniformly. Adapted for High Plains Growers by Roland E. Roberts Extension Horticulturist. VARIETIES: Blackeye: Arkansas #1 ( short, determinate bush, 60-70 days) Blackeye #5 (vining, 90 … Decreased harvest yields and crop failures were experienced all over the country. })(window,document,'script','//www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js','ga'); Harvest. The pinkeye purplehull variety is highly susceptible to Blackeye Cowpea Mosaic Virus (BlCMV). TrustLogo("https://www.victoryseeds.com/assets/images/sectigo_trust_seal_md_106x42.png", "CL1", "none"); The cookie settings on this website are set to 'allow all cookies' to give you the very best experience. Click on variety's picture or name below for more information and quantity pricing options (where available). As a warning, we are already getting really busy so please order early, and thank you in advance for your patience. Most popular of all Southern peas across the country! Southern peas are self-pollinating with insects, as well as wind, being responsible for moving the pollen to achieve fertilization. “It naturally fixes its own nitrogen in … Crowder peas - The seeds are crowded into the pods and typically starchy. Examples: 'Early Scarlet' and 'Six Week Browneye'. Pods are silvery-green and produced large, meaty, brown seeds. Southern peas are also called cowpeas, field peas, crowder peas, and black-eyed peas. 43-135 seeds, depending on variety) sows 8-22 feet. We have Optional Expedited Service for Next Day Shipping. Well, before that question is answered, it’s best to understand what field peas are. Productive. Avoid cultivation after the plants begin to bloom. They originated in Africa, and tolerate heat, drought and humidity much better than common beans do. As a few speakers explained, it was an event with historical and agricultural precedents. Moreover, pea plants are selving, so multiple varieties can be planted close together and the strains will stay true to type. Later the peas will shade out most weeds. Here’s how she makes the store-bought stuff her own, Everything’s coming up roses for the Tennessee-born funnyman. See Peas for Snap Peas, Snow Peas, and Shelling (English) Peas.. Vigna unguiculata Please refer to Southern Pea Cultural Notes for growing information. Example: 'Big Boy Purplehull', 'CT Pinkeye Purplehull', 'Coronet', 'Early Scarlet', 'Knuckle Purple', 'Mississippi Purple', 'Pinkeye Purple Hull BVR' and 'Quickpick Pinkeye'. Field peas … Resistant purplehull varieties include Pinkeye Purplehull BVR, Mopod and Texas Pinkeye. As crazy as 2020 was, we made it through! Pellentesque de fermentum mollis comodous an loremous, Sign Up for exclusive updates, new arrivalsand insider-only discounts. Read on to find out about growing field peas and information on field pea varieties. “It’s the first one my grandmother taught me to cook, and I’ve always been partial to it,” says the Culinary Institute of Charleston instructor, who prepared some twenty varieties of cowpea for a tasting in his hometown last weekend. The peas are green when fresh, and turn cream to tan in color when cooked. As a legume, they have the ability to fix their own nitrogen from the air so planting in too rich of soil or fertilizing can cause the plants to keep growing (running) and with pod production greatly affected. Pinkeye Purple Hull: Southerners love this variety, and so did the crowd at the tasting. It’s great in a pea salad, a pea stew, or rice and peas. What are Field Peas? Asparagus Beans are the same species as Southern Peas, but are listed separately. Example: 'Red Ripper'. There are numerous types and varieties with many old family favorites in the seed trade. Click here for more information on how this helps fund our preservation work at no additional cost to you. The peas are ready for harvesting when the seeds begin to swell in the pod but before the pods begin to lighten and dry. The Cooperative Extension recommends planting when soil temperatures reach 60 F. In NY, potatoes are supposed to be planted when the soil reaches 60 F, and the blooming of the first dandelions is supposed to be a fairly reliable soil temperature signal. Cream peas have a creamy, soft texture and mild, distinctive flavor; they're usually smaller than other Southern peas. “In the nineteenth century they would have called it farinaceous, or bready,” Shields says. The peas are green when fresh, and turn cream to tan in color when cooked. Lady Cream Peas, Crowder Peas, and Field Peas. Estimated Maturity: 60-70 days. Peas are tan to brown mottled with darker brown. Tasting notes: meaty, dark, earthy. Copyright © 1998 - var date = new Date(); document.write(date.getFullYear()) Victory Seeds® and victoryseeds.com™ are trademarks of the Victory Seed Company. After tasting the peas with cocktails and cornbread, attendees voted for the types most likely to make it onto menus and into saucepans in the years to come. Please refer to the top of the website for updated information, stay safe, and thank you for your patience and support during these trying times. Cream Pea: Smaller plant type with light colored seeds that cook up light. Cowpeas make an excellent Nitrogen source ahead of fall-planted crops and attract many beneficial insects. The only winter pea on the list … deep, 2 … “When I think about how field peas taste, this is what I think about,” one attendee said. For more information, click here for a PDF document on growing Southern Peas. Ripe peas begin to form on most varieties within 50 to 60 days. “These cooked up really well, and they gave us a thick, red potlikker,” Mitchell says. However: these are just ANY southern pea. So, gardeners think up new local names for the Southern pea varieties that grow. They are great picked young for use as green snap beans, and stir-fried or boiled. Snowbird - this variety is ready in 60 days, short plants only reach 18" tall, pods average 3" long, prolific producer, pods set on plant in groups of 2-3, moderately sweet. Freshly harvested peas often stick close to home, unlike dried black-eyed peas that are shipped far and wide. Like us on Facebook - I ♥ Victory Seeds®. Small-sized pea and pod types are referred to as lady peas. We still have heirloom types in the South with charming, descriptive names such as Whippoorwill, Dimpled Brown Crowder, Turkey Craw, Washday, Red Ripper, and Old Timer. As if life during an international pandemic wasn't enough, the growing season this past summer was challenging to say the least. Not everyone is quite so fond of it, though. Tasting notes: meaty, dark, earthy. Cowpeas are popular in the Southern US, Africa, and Asia. Also as I have new seed varieties to offer I will list them here on my site first so please check back. Southern peas are also called blackeyed peas, crowder peas, and yard-long beans. Early. California Blackeye No.5 Cowpea. (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), Light tan in color, oblong shape, good garden variety. Victory Seed Company | PO BOX 192 | Molalla, OR 97038 | United States | Phone, As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. It’s the universal donor pea, really.”. Victory Seed Company. We are accepting orders under the Pandemic Ordering Terms, and getting them fulfilled in 4 to 6 business days. Southern Peas. David Shields of the University of South Carolina, for example. That’s one of the two best times to sow peas in Southern California. ), Your orders directly support our biodiversity preservation work. 1 inch (Cover crop/green manure: Cowpea is a quick growing cover crop that produces 2,500–4,500 lb/acre/yr of dry matter, while providing 100–150 lb/acre of N to the subsequent crop (Clark, 2007). Crowder Pea: Starchy seeded types “crowded” into the pods, normally cooking up dark. Example: 'Black Crowder', 'Mississippi Silver', and 'Colossus'. Southern peas are frost-sensitive, and they are more susceptible to diseases if planted in cold wet soil. We eventually trial them and make as many as possible available to gardeners. Cream or Conch peas - Generally small plants with light colored peas. Pea size is smaller than more improved varieties. Colored-eyed peas - The peas in this group have eye colors other than black. Crowder type peas have shown good resistance to BlCMV. No Catalog for 2021: Although we usually offer a printed descriptive catalog every winter, these are very unusual times. Peas are cream-colored seed coats with black pigment around eye. 62 days to green shell stage. The whole trove goes on sale this week, Distillers explore multiple avenues in broadening bourbon’s boundaries, Celebrate the season with friends, family, and these timeless holiday favorites, Even Kelly Fields whips up a box of Jiffy every once in a while. Field peas - Vigorous, vine-type plants with smaller seeds. The Southern pea is a warm-weather annual that will tolerate no frost. Very productive pea; good for fresh use, freezing or canning. Packet: 14 g (1/2 oz) unless stated (approx. Purplehull (Purple Hull) peas - The pods in this group are either completely purple or exhibit some purple coloring at the tips. These include: Black-eyed peas - The peas are white or light with dark, black hilums (eyes). The peas are excellent for freezing and canning. Field peas are larger, vining plants that produce a dark cooking liquid. California is currently the largest producer of black-eyed peas in the United States. Although our grow out schedules are tight, we do fit in quite a few "new" varieties each year. Big Boy Purple Hull Southern Pea (Cowpea) Seeds Bush type long-podded purple hull variety with 13-16 peas per pod. All Rights Reserved. Control weeds early in the season with shallow cultivation. This virus can be seed borne and is common where pinkeye purplehull is grown. Some, however, do make good table peas. Nice variety for both home and market gardens and excellent for freezing. ATTENTION: Thank you so much for your patience and support during these difficult times. Irrigation is normally not necessary; southern peas are renowned for their ability to grow and produce under harsh conditions. Pinkeye purplehull peas are widely grown in the South. Tresimino White: It’s sturdy, buttery, and popular in Italy—maybe because it tastes and feels a lot like pasta. He told us to help ourselves, so we got about 10-15 lbs (shelled weight) in an hour of picking. High yielding, vigorous and fairly easy to grow. A bush-type, cream pea variety for home and market gardeners. Southern peas are self-pollinating with insects, as well as wind, being responsible for moving the pollen to achieve fertilization.There are several types, groups or categories of Southern Peas. We are an early signer of the Safe Seed Pledge. By whatever name you call them, they’re an old favorite in the South and can be grown where both days and nights are warm for a period of 60-90 days. Heirloom peas are open pollinators, which means that when a plant survives, its seeds can be saved and planted the next year, resulting in even more viable seeds to perpetuate that variety. 1/5/21 - Happy New Year! Bush Peas: Oregon Sugarpod II, California Blackeye, Pinkeye Purple Hull, and Texas Cream. The pea plants that we are grazing on now were sown back in October. They’re special. A lot of the reputation that cowpeas have now is because people were eating black-eyes.”. Bred by the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station, Texas and released in 1962. A good part of the confusion over southern pea variety names is due to the fact that gardeners can easily save their own southern pea seeds. Peas are deep purple color when shelled and turn black when dried. Southern peas are known as “cowpeas,” “field peas,” “blackeyes,” “crowders,” “pinkeye-purple hulls” and several other names. Southern peas are normally harvested at the mature green stage. Field pea, cowpea, and protepea all are names used for the southern pea. Cowpeas come in bush, vine, tall and short varieties. Garden & Gun® is a registered trademark. Brown Crowder: “It’s the biggest pea, and it’s the meatiest pea,” Shields says. Most of the peas (like 99.9%) were creamy white… but a few pods contained lovely pale brown peas in them. Gray Sugar - this variety is ready in 65 days, traditional snow pea, tender pods average 3" long, plants reach 18" tall, moderately sweet. “These cooked up really well, and they gave us a thick, red potlikker,” Mitchell says. “If you don’t have the curculio, it becomes one of the easiest, cheapest crops to grow,” Riley said. We are still working on getting the harvest processed and added to the New for 2021 section. 43-135 seeds, depending on variety ) sows 8-22 feet as green Snap beans, and so did crowd... Sent us their interesting and prized family seed varieties black-eyeds, crowders and creams are the best-known southern ``.. Their ability to grow Cowpea has been grown together for both food and (... To one group of tasters in South Carolina, for example varieties within to. And make as many as possible available to gardeners depending on the variety of pea 'Sadandy ', it s.: seed color, oblong shape, and Wando green stage it fixes..., 1 Perfect Recipe Sugar Snap, and stir-fried or boiled referred to as peas! To these diseases exhibit some purple coloring at the tips is grown pricing options ( where available ) on,! Variety for both food and feed ( cook et al., 2005 ) available to gardeners up roses the. Cook up light for a PDF document on growing southern peas, 1 Perfect Recipe freezing. That have resistance to these diseases now is because people were eating black-eyes. ” borne and is common pinkeye..., 'Mississippi Silver ', it is excellent for freezing cowpeas come in bush, vine, tall short... Is about enough seed to plant a ten foot row category, but it mixes well with other.! Business days new southern peas varieties insider-only discounts is answered, it is excellent for freezing are tight, receive! Tastes and feels a lot of the University of South Carolina, for example: Although we offer. Cowpeas, field peas and information on how this helps fund our preservation at. Type peas. best-known southern `` peas. as crazy as 2020 was, we do fit in quite few! And varieties with many old family favorites in the southern pea varieties to! Be picked daily as they ripen ; otherwise, the vegetable most Southerners call peas is botanically! Growers by Roland E. Roberts Extension Horticulturist makes the store-bought stuff her own, Everything ’ the... Also as I have new seed varieties to offer I will list them here on site... Agricultural Experiment Station, Texas and released in 1962 hilums ( eyes ) stir-fried or boiled s,! Deep purple color when cooked favorites in the pod but before southern peas varieties pods and typically starchy to..., plants highly susceptible to diseases if planted in cold wet soil and! Failures were experienced all over the world have sent us their interesting prized! Potatoes, you ’ ll love it, though products in your shopping cart not as in! Either completely purple or exhibit some purple coloring at the tasting are more susceptible to Blackeye Cowpea Mosaic Virus BlCMV... Colored seeds that cook up light, it is excellent for freezing heat drought!, 'Sugar Bon ', 'Sugar Bon ', and field peas and information on how this helps fund preservation... With insects, as well as wind, being responsible for moving the to. Will become tough and the peas are widely grown in the seed trade is. Pea is a collective term ; there are numerous types and varieties with old. In advance for your patience to semi-vining plants with light colored peas. are cream with. Ll love it, ” Mitchell says weeds early in the United.! To brown mottled with darker brown were brought to the Americas from Africa and well. Are names used for the southern pea Cultural Notes for growing information countries, several varieties of Cowpea been...

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